In a moment you will begin a journey through lesson planning from end to start. Does that sound right, end to start? Are you asking yourself, “Don't we have to start before we can end”?
Backwards planning :
Understanding by Design (UbD), also known as the "backwards design model," was first introduced by Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe in 1998. It is built on the idea that teachers should plan lessons and units backwards, with the outcomes in mind and then working backwards toward daily lessons. Backwards planning is a three stage approach to planning.
Stage 1 asks: What should students know and be able to do? What content is worthy of understanding? Priority standards must be identified due to the overwhelming number of curriculum expectations.
Stage 2 asks: How will we know if students have learned the material? What evidence will show us students have learned the curriculum? This stage causes teachers to think like an assessor before designing the unit (Wiggins & McTighe, 2005, p. 18).
Stage 3 asks: What are the most appropriate educational strategies and activities to make sure the students learn the material?
Please write down your initial thoughts to the Challenge questions below
to help you begin to think with the end in mind:
When you are ready, proceed to the Perspectives & Resources section.